Thứ Hai, 25 tháng 9, 2017

Australia Terminated Investigation, Not Imposing Anti-Subsidy Tax on Galvanized Steel and Pressed Aluminum from Vietnam

BY Juna Mèo No comments

According to Department of Trade Remedies (Ministry of Industry and Trade), 2 Vietnamese products exported to Australia which are pressed aluminum and galvanized steel have been terminated investigation and will not subject to anti-subsidy tax by the Australian anti-dumping commission (ADC).
In August and October 2016, ADC initiated 2 anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations on pressed aluminum and galvanized steel imported from Vietnam.
Following the investigation, in June and August 2017, ADC published the final reports of two cases in which ADC decided to terminate the investigation and not apply anti-subsidy tax on goods from Vietnam in both cases.
Specifically, in the case of pressed aluminum, Vietnam is accused of subsidizing businesses in 03 programs related to tax incentives.
After the investigation, ADC determined that: 01 of the 03 Vietnamese companies agreeing to cooperate with ADC did not receive any incentives from the above programs. The remaining 02 enterprises and other producers/exporters received subsidies but the margin of subsidies is negligible.
Therefore, ADC decided to terminate the investigation for Vietnam.
In the case of galvanized steel, Vietnam is alleged to subsidize businesses in 19 programs involving tax incentives, investment incentives, support programs and trade promotion programs.
After the investigation, ADC determined that: Vietnamese companies agreeing to cooperate with ADC only receive benefits from 03 of the 19 programs mentioned above, and the amount of these subsidies is negligible; the level of subsidy offered to other producers/exporters is also negligible. Therefore, ADC decided to terminate the investigation for Vietnam.
In terms of the anti-dumping investigations, in the galvanized steel case, the plaintiff alleged that the “special market conditions” is exsisted in the plated steel sector of Vietnam. The plaintiffs argue that Vietnam has to import most of its raw materials to produce galvanized steel, which is hot rolled coil (HRC). At the same time, the price of HRC in the exporting country, due to the subsidy, has been distorted (lower than it should have been).
Vietnam imports mainly this material, so galvanized steelprices in Vietnam are also deviated as a result, and this should be considered as a “special market condition” in Vietnam. However, after the investigation, Australia concluded that there was no special market condition in the plated steel industry of Vietnam.
According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the ADC’s conclusion to terminate the investigation, not apply anti-subsidy measures in two cases and the ADC concluded that no special market situation exists for the market of plated steel in Vietnam is positive and successful results for the Government and enterprises of Vietnam.
This final outcome is a positive precedent for future cases, as it is the first time Australia investigated anti-subsidy and “special market conditions” on Vietnam.

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Thứ Sáu, 22 tháng 9, 2017

What is a typical strategy for filing software patent applications worldwide?

BY Juna Mèo IN , , , , No comments

If you want to patent your software worldwide, you have a lot of filing ahead of you. Generally speaking, the filing needs to be done in a relatively timely manner too, so missing deadlines happens routinely. I would suggest consulting with an intellectual property (IP) attorney who can help you meet all of the necessary requirements because they can be tricky.

Filing with the patent cooperation treaty (PCT) really will only give you an opinion as to whether your software can be patented in the countries that signed the treaty. This can be helpful because searching all of the countries on your own would be troublesome. However, after the search, you will still be without a patent.

So, if you file with the PCT for an opinion first, you will still be left with all of the actual patent filing to do. You will then need to file for any foreign patents that you wish to obtain. Each patent will have separate requirements.

Again, my suggested strategy would be to consult with an attorney. An experienced intellectual property attorney will be able to search for any conflicting patents and will also be able to file your patent applications for you. You will have to pay your attorney a fee, though, and I know that this is not ideal. But, it is possible to save money on attorney fees.

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Thứ Tư, 20 tháng 9, 2017

Actively Review and Cut-off Unnecessary Business Conditions

BY Juna Mèo No comments

Vietnam Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc asked the Ministries to research, actively self-review to amend or proposed modifications, cutting business conditions which are not reasonable and unnecessary.
On August 22nd 2017 , under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, the Government held a legislative session to give comments on the draft law on competition (revised); the draft law amending and supplementing some articles of the law on environmental protection tax; draft law on administrative unit and special economic zones; discuss on the report synthesizing the results of reviews and proposals of ministries and agencies on the drafting of laws to amend and supplement the laws relating to land, construction, housing, business and planning…

According to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, there are still 4,284 business investment requirements and conditions in 243 industries under the management of 15 ministries, which are regulated in 237 legal normative documents. The Ministry of Planning and Investment proposes to abolish all or part of the business investment conditions in finance, location, production capacity, human resources, business methods, planning…
Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) has proposed to abolish 96 conditions of business and amend 13 conditions in 3 sectors: industry, transportation, science and technology.
Regarding the draft law on special administrative and economic units aim to create legal bases for the establishment, development, management and operation of 3 special zones namely Van Don (Quang Ninh), North Van Phong (Khanh Hoa) and Phu Quoc (Kien Giang).
In terms of the draft law amending and supplementing a number of articles of the Law on Environmental Protection Tax, the Prime Minister emphasized that the role of amending and supplementing this law in the context that environmental regulations violation is complicated. complex. According to the Ministry of Finance – the drafting agency, the current environmental protection tax policy has revealed some obstacles that need to be finalized in order to ensure that this is an important economic tool, contributing to limiting the production and use of goods that pollute the environment, encouraging the use of environmentally friendly goods towards sustainable development.
Commenting on the draft Law on Competition, the Prime Minister said that the Ministry of Industry and Trade should thoroughly review the unfair competition practices so as not to overlap with other laws.

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Thứ Hai, 18 tháng 9, 2017

How do patents work for cosmetics?

BY Juna Mèo IN , , , , , , No comments

How do patents work for cosmetics? What can be done if there is already a patent that exists for my idea?
This is an American perspective. Patents for cosmetics do not work very well.

A lot of the applications I see are mostly marketing proposals “we are using all natural organic ingredients…” to do what one would expect these ingredients to do. Well, that’s not patentable subject matter under section 101 of the Patent Act because it is directed to a natural compound that does not perform a surprising result.

It’s easy enough to get around this. You can add a single non-naturally occurring preservative, but then you are not selling something, “using all natural organic ingredients…” and that messes with your marketing.

The next problem is that you need to have at least one ingredient that has never been used in cosmetics before. This is really hard to do because old patent applications in this field list thousands of ingredients that can be combined in all quantities from 0.1 to 99%. Those applications render almost any combination of “all natural organic ingredients” either anticipated or obvious.

Now, if you do have a new non-naturally occuring active ingredient, then, of course, the patent system, in conjunction with the exclusivity provided in some instances with the FDA works really well. So well, that other countries have started modeling the American system. 

You may want to have a patent attorney take a look at the other patents that exist in your space. It is possible that you may be able to capture some value from those patent owners.

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Thứ Năm, 14 tháng 9, 2017

What Are Trademark Classes?

BY Juna Mèo IN , , , No comments

A trademark class is a category in which a trademark is put into. Each class covers certain similar goods or services which the trademark covers. For example, class 25 covers clothing. If you apply for a trademark and tell the trademark office that your trademark will be used to represent shirts, for example, your trademark will be put into class 25. You can potentially get a trademark for a name that someone already has a trademark for, if you apply for a different class.
When you apply for a trademark, you need to tell the trademark office what goods or services this trademark will represent. For Before reading further, make sure you understand the basics of what a trademark is. You should know what it means that a trademark acts as an identifier of source. To get the 101 on trademarks, read What is a Trademark? first.
example, Coke will tell the trademark office that the Coca-Cola trademark will be used to represent soft drinks. When people see Coca-Cola on soft drinks, Coke wants people to know that the soft drink was made by Coca-Cola. When approved, Coke’s trademark will prevent people from using the Coca-Cola name on soft drinks, and anything that is similar to soft drinks. This is because soft drinks was indicated on Coke’s trademark application. If someone uses the name Coca-Cola on a completely unrelated product, bookshelves for example, they may be able to do so since bookshelves are quite different from soft drinks.
When the trademark office looked at Coke’s trademark application for Coca-Cola, they put the trademark into class 32 which is the class for most beverages. This is because when Coke applied for the trademark, they told the trademark office the trademark will be used to represent soft drinks and the trademark office knew to put the application into class 32. Now that they have their trademark approved and put into class 32, the class can help others determine how much protection the trademark covers. Generally speaking, if Coke has a trademark in class 32, you likely cannot use their trademark with any product that is also in class 32. For example, you likely cannot use Coca-Cola to sell juices. Further, if you applied for the trademark Coca-Cola to try and represent any product in class 32, such as juices for example, you likely will be rejected. This is because Coke already has a trademark for Coca-Cola in class 32, and you are trying to apply for the same name to represent goods in the same class Coke already is in.
Generally speaking again, if you were to apply for the same name in a different class, you may be able to get a trademark. Let’s look at an example with the name “Dove”:

You can see above that there is a Dove soap and there is also a Dove Chocolate, trademarks owned by two separate companies. The simple explanation as to why they can both own trademarks for Dove is because they have applied for trademarks in different classes. Dove owned by Mars is in class 30 for chocolates, whereas Dove owned by Unilever is in class 3 for soaps.
However, there is a longer explanation. The real reason that both companies can each own a trademark for Dove is not necessarily because they have applied for goods that are in different classes, but rather because the trademark office believes that people buying Dove chocolate will not be confused and think that the chocolate was made by the company that makes soap. Vice versa, the trademark office believes that people buying Dove soap will not think the soap was made by the company that makes chocolate. The key is that the trademark office is convinced that there is no likelihood to cause confusion by both companies each having the trademark for the name Dove. In other words, the main reason Dove chocolate and Dove soap can both exist is because the trademark office considers chocolate and soap different enough that people will not be confused as to which company is making each. It just so happens that chocolate and soap are in different classes, which is usually true when two trademarks of the same name coexist, but not always.
Building on this concept, it is possible for two people to have the same trademark and coexist in the same class. Conversely, it is possible to apply for a trademark that already exists in one class, but file it in a different class and get rejected. It all comes down to whether the trademark office thinks the goods and services that are represented by the two marks are likely to cause confusion with buyers. For example, Coke has a trademark Coca-Cola for sodas in class 32. Tea drinks are actually part of a different class, class 30 which is the class for tea and coffee. If you were to apply for a trademark for Coca-Cola in class 30 for tea, do you think you would be approved? The answer is likely not. Because tea and soft drinks are both drinks, it is likely for buyers to be confused if you have a trademark for Coca-Cola in class 30 and Coke has one for class 32. If you label your tea as Coca-Cola, buyers will not be sure whether the tea was made by you, or by Coke, and thus confused as to who made it. In this example, even though you are applying in a different class than an existing trademark of the same name, you are likely to be rejected. In an example of the reverse, if you are applying for a mark in a class where another same mark already exists, you could still get approved if you can convince the trademark office that the goods you are selling are so different from the goods of the other mark in the same class that there would be no confusion to buyers. However, this is generally difficult since the trademark class system has been designed so that similar products and services are put into the same class.
So let’s think strategy. Let’s say you start a company called Widget and you will sell sodas and teas. You want to prevent others from also selling sodas and teas by the name of Widget. Should you apply for sodas in class 32 or teas in class 30? The answer, is for best protection you should apply for both. If you have one trademark for sodas in class 32 and another for teas in class 30, you ensure that both teas and sodas are covered. Filing in both classes, however, requires double the fees. The trademark office charges for each different class you file in. You may say well let me just file in class 32 for sodas only, I should be fine since you said earlier if someone else files for the same name in class 30 for teas they likely would be rejected by the trademark office since teas and sodas are so similar. This may be true, but do you want to risk it? If someone can make a convincing argument to the trademark office that the teas they sell will not cause buyers to be confused with the sodas you sell, they may get the trademark for teas in class 30. Therefore, to be safe, the best way is to file for both class 32 and class 30, and pay double the fees needed to do so. This is how the major corporations do it. They will cover many classes to ensure that people cannot use their trademark name on practically any good or service. As of this writing, Coke has 61 trademarks for Coca-Cola and similar variations, spanning multiple classes.
There are 45 total trademark classes. When you apply for a trademark application, you will indicate what goods and services your trademark will represent. The trademark office will then compare your trademark to similar trademarks and make a subjective decision as to whether your mark and what it represents is likely to cause confusion with another mark and what that mark represents. If the trademark office thinks there is no likelihood to cause confusion, they will approve. otherwise, they will reject and you have an opportunity to argue back for approval. There is no guarantee that a trademark application will be approved as whether you are likely to cause confusion with another mark is a subjective determination made by an examiner at the trademark office. This is true even if nobody has the exact same name you are applying for. The only way to get a trademark is to apply and wait for a decision by the trademark office. To maximize your chances of approval, however, you should apply for trademarks that are as different from existing trademarks as possible, and list goods and services that are as different as possible from the goods and services of existing trademarks. You also don’t get your money back if your application is rejected or filed improperly, so best file it properly the first time around.

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Thứ Ba, 12 tháng 9, 2017

Google’s Book Scanning and Copyright Laws

BY Juna Mèo No comments

As you may know, Google is making an effort to scan every book in the world. The goal is to create a giant online database of every book that can be searched. One small problem is the fact that Google is violating copyright laws.

Copyright
Google argues its book database doesn’t violate copyright laws. The company suggests it only shows short passages and accompanies the text with ads showcasing where the full books can be purchased. Of course, the ads are Google Adwords from which the company makes a tidy profit.

On Tuesday, the search goliath rolled out stand-alone book search services in 14 countries. The same day, the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA) became the latest publishers' organization to call Google's opt-out strategy backwards.

Authors, Publishers and publishing associations are not happy. While Google only publishes the full text of books in the public domain, it is still copying entire books for which it has no permission. Google claims it can do this because the books are being scanned from versions owned by public libraries. Fearing an avalanche of lawsuits, Google backed off.

In August, Google stopped scanning copyrighted books in public library collections. At the same time, it gave publishers the right to submit lists of books the publishers didn’t want scanned. As you can image, publishers still aren’t happy.

The Arrogance of Google
Once viewed as the underdog to giants such as Microsoft, Google continues to act like the local school bully. In this case, the company has taken such an arrogant approach that lawsuits are inevitable. Google is going to take a beating in the lawsuits and here is why.

Consider the neighborhood you live in. What if a local crime syndicate informed every household it was going to steal everything in each household. Undoubtedly, there would be calls of outrage. In response, what if the crime syndicate then suggested you could send a list of items in your house that you didn’t want stolen? This is exactly what Google is doing.

Google’s decision to scan every book in the world is idealistic, but laughably simple minded. At a time when the recording industry is suing teenagers for file swapping, one would think Google would get a clue.

Author:Richard A. Chapo
Source: Articlecity.com

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Thứ Hai, 11 tháng 9, 2017

Labour Matters and Labour Legal Compliance

BY Juna Mèo No comments

The labor management is one of the most important matters in the operation of enterprises.  For the employee, he or she has to fulfill the job requirements as per labour contract, follow internal labour regulations, and work under the supervision of the employer.  For employer, complying with  regulations include paying salary, ensuring benefits, and other mandatory labour compliance as per labour laws and collective labour agreements signed.
The following recaps the labour matters and labour legal compliance according to Vietnam labour laws:
1.      To make reports on labor use according to the provisions of Article 6, Circular No. 23/2014/TT-BLDTBXH dated August 29th 2014 (Circular 23).
2.      To make periodical reports on the use and change of labor according to the provisions of Point d, Clause 2, Article 6 of the Labor Code 2012 and Clause 2, Article 8 of Decree No. 03/2014/ND-CP and Clause 2, Article 6 of the Circular 23.
3.      To make and use labor management books as guided in Article 7 of Circular 23.
4.      Build and send wage scales, payroll, technical standards, titles, professional standards and labor norms in accordance with Article 93 of Labor Code 2012 and Chapter III of Decree No. 49/2013/ND-CP dated May 14th 2013
5.      To participate and pay social insurance, health insurance, unemployment insurance for employees in accordance with current law.
6.      To construct and register the labor regulations of the unit in accordance with Article 119, Clause 1, Clause 2, Article 120 of the Labor Code 2012, Chapter V of Decree No. 05/2015/ND-CP dated January 12th (Decree 05) and Chapter III of Circular 47/2015/TT-BLDTBXH dated November 15th 2015.
7.      To develop and promulgate the Grassroots Democracy Regulation; Statute of periodical dialogue in the workplace as stipulated in Decree 60/2013/ND-CP dated June 19th 2013
8.      To negotiate, sign and send the Collective Labor Agreement to the provincial labor authority in accordance with Chapter V of the Labor Code 2012, Chapter III of Decree 05 and Article 3 of Circular 29/2015/TT-BLDTBXH dated July 31st 2015 (this is optional).
9.      To make explanatory reports on the demand for use, the procedures for the grant and re-grant of work permits and the implementation of reporting regimes according to the provisions of Decree No. 11/2016/ND-CP dated March 2nd 2016 and Circular 40/2016/TT-BLDTBXH dated October 25th 2016 (if employing foreign workers).
10. To formulate and promulgate the Regulation on evaluation of the performance of tasks as provided in Clause 1, Article 12 of Decree 05 (This content is part of the company’s working regulations and we must have this content to be able to unilaterally terminate the labor contract with the employee under Clause 1, Article 38 of the Labor Code 2012).
11. To carry out the procedures for the establishment of a grassroots trade union organization in accordance with the provisions of Paragraphs 1 and 3 of Article 189 of the Labor Code 2012 and Article 5 of the Trade Union Law 2012 (This is not mandatory but depends on the quantity of workers want to join the union of the company).
12. To report on occupational accidents, technical incidents causing serious unsafety and occupational hygiene at the unit as provided in Clause 1, Article 36 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene 2015 (if any); Periodically report on occupational accidents according to the provisions of Clause 1, Article 24 of Decree No. 39/2016/ND-CP dated May 15th 2016 (Decree 39).
13. To report annually on occupational safety and health as provided in Article 10 of Circular 07/2016/TT-BLDTBXH dated May 15th 2016
14. To declare the fatal occupational accident or serious injury of 2 or more laborers as stipulated in Clause 1, Article 34 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene 2015; Article 10 of Decree 39 (if any).
15. To monitor, manage and declare the use of machines, equipments and materials with strict requirements on labor safety in accordance with Articles 30 and 31 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene, Article 16 of Decree 44/2016/ND-CP dated May 15th 2016 (Decree 44) (if any); Circular 53/2016/TT-BLDTBXH dated December 28th 2016
16. To arrange full-time officials working in occupational safety and health in accordance with Article 36 of Decree 39.
17. To arrange staff to work in the health sector in accordance with Article 37 of Decree 39.
18. To provide material allowances to laborers working under dangerous and harmful conditions (if any) according to the provisions of Article 24 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene 2015; Circular 25/2013/TT-BLDTBXH dated October 18th 2013
19. To review, classify and organize occupational safety and health training for laborers as stipulated in Article 14 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Health 2015; Article 17 of Decree 44.
20. To organize health examination and treatment of occupational diseases for laborers according to the provisions of Article 21 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene 2015.
21. To compile the workers’ health records and labor sanitation dossiers according to the provisions of Circular No. 19/2016/TT-BYT dated June 30th 2016
22. To allocate and monitor personal protective devices for laborers according to the provisions of Article 23 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene 2015; Circular 04/2014/TT-BLDTBXH dated Feruary 12th 2014
23. To develop and implement an annual plan for occupational safety and health; Occupational safety and health regulations of the enterprise for each working area; Safe working methods for each type of work; Control of risk and harmful factors; Risk assessment on occupational safety and health; The plan for handling technical incidents causing serious unsafety and emergency rescue as provided in Articles 15, 18, 76, 77 and 78 of the Law on Occupational Safety and Hygiene 2015.
24. To develop a plan for implementation of the month of action on occupational safety and health in accordance with Circular 02/2017/TT-BLDTBXH dated February 20th, 2017
It is important the company to retain law firm in Vietnamwith labour expertise to avoid non compliance and disputes to be arisen.

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Thứ Sáu, 8 tháng 9, 2017

Issuance of Work Permit for Foreigner Online

BY Juna Mèo No comments

From October 2nd 2017, the issuance of work permits to foreign employees working in Vietnam via Internet will be applied in accordance with the guidance of Circular No. 23/2017/TT-BLDTBXH issued by the Ministry of Labor – Invalids and Social Affairs on August 15th 2017.
Accordingly, the issuance and re-issuance of work permits for foreigners will be made via the electronic portal: http://dvc.vieclamvietnam.gov.vn. Employers must register their account to log into the Portal.
Before at least 7 working days, from the date the foreign worker intends to commence work, the employer must declare the information in the declaration form and submit the application for work permit via the electronic portal. The dossier includes: The declaration form and enclosed papers in accordance with the provisions of law on e-transactions and management of foreign laborers working in Vietnam; if the attached documents are in the form of paper, the employer must convert to electronic versions like pdf, doc, docx or jpg.
Within 5 working days from the date of receiving the dossier, the licensing agency shall reply via email to the employer. If the dossier is invalid, the licensing agency must clearly state the reasons.
Upon receipt of the result of notification of valid dossiers, the employers shall submit directly or by post the originals of the work permit application dossiers to the licensing agency for inspection, comparison and archive regulations. Within a maximum of 08 working hours from the date of receipt of the original application, the licensing agency shall return the result to the employer.
This Circular comes into effect from October 2nd 2017.

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Thứ Tư, 6 tháng 9, 2017

Propose to Remove Nearly 2,000 Business Conditions

BY Juna Mèo No comments

The Ministry of Planning and Investment has proposed to remove nearly 2,000 business conditions from ministries and sectors that are thought to cause difficulties and obstacles for businesses.
According to the report of the Ministry of Planning and Investment submitted to the Government, this agency proposed to remove 1,930 requirements and conditions on business that are considered as sublicenses hinder business for a long time. Of these, the Ministry proposed removing all or part of 302 financial conditions. In addition, 85 business conditions on location and 1,336 conditions on production capacity, 127 conditions on business methods, 80 conditions on planning… are proposed to be abandoned entirely.
In addition, other business conditions related to human resources issues (except for some professions that require professional qualifications and experiences such as doctor and auditor) and some conditions with inappropriate contents, the Ministry also recommends the abolition of all or part.
According to the report of the Central Institute for Economic Management (CIEM), there are about 4,284 business conditions, corresponding with 243 conditional investment businesses. Of these, the Ministry of Industry and Trade has the highest number of business conditions with 1,152 conditions; next is the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry of Health…
Most of these business conditions are creating unreasonable barriers to investment, entry into the market, limiting the number of newly registered businesses, increasing production costs, discouraging businesses.
Moreover, business conditions also reduce market competition, productivity and competitiveness of the economy. Businesses also face with many risks in the process of operation when many business conditions are unclear, creating opportunities for the arbitrariness of state management agencies and the harassment of officials… These effects are going backwards and hinder the Government’s resolve to improve the business environment and cut costs for businesses.

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Thứ Ba, 5 tháng 9, 2017

Can I copyright something on behalf of another person?

BY Juna Mèo IN , , , , No comments

I’m afraid the Copyright Act beat you to it. Copyright arises automatically under the law at the time a copyrightable work is created and “fixed in a tangible medium of expression” (e.g., drawn on paper, saved in digital format, recorded on tape, etc.). What that means is that your cousin’s logo design was protected by copyright law as soon as she created it, and she has owned the copyright since that time.

What you may be thinking of is the act of registering a copyright with the Copyright Office. Registering a copyright doesn't create the copyright itself — it simply records a person’s claim to a particular copyright with the federal government. (It also provides some very valuable benefits in the event someone infringes the copyright, which is the primary reason most people and businesses do it.) Unfortunately though, you aren't permitted to register someone else's copyright unless you’re acting as the copyright owner’s authorized agent. So, at least assuming you want the gift to be a surprise, the Copyright Office won't permit you to register the copyright in the logo since you don't have your cousin’s authorization. But you certainly can help your cousin do it herself or even ask her for authorization to be her agent for the purpose of registering the copyright.
                                                                                                                                                               
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Thứ Năm, 31 tháng 8, 2017

Licensing Your Copyrighted Works

BY Juna Mèo No comments

If you’ve taken the necessary steps to register your copyrighted works, you inevitably will have an opportunity to royalties off of them. To take advantage of the opportunity, you will need to be familiar with copyright license agreements.

If you’ve taken the necessary steps to register your copyrighted works, you inevitably will have an opportunity to royalties off of them. To take advantage of the opportunity, you will need to be familiar with copyright license agreements.

Copyright License Agreement

A copyright license agreement sets for the terms under which a third party can use your content. In legal language, you will the “licensor” with the other party being the “licensee.” The purpose of the agreement is to set forth the terms under which you, the licensor, will grant the third party, licensee, the right to use, publish or reuse your copyrighted work in exchange for a royalty. Let’s take a closer look at key components of the licensing agreement.

Specific Rights Granted

This may sound obvious, but the agreement needs to detail exactly what copyrighted material can be used. If you have copyrighted articles, are you granting a right to use all of the articles or only certain ones? It is highly recommended that the agreement contain a detailed description of the exact materials being covered.

Once you agree upon the exact materials, you need to determine any restrictions on how the material can be used. Can the material be used on the Internet or will it be restricted to a certain niche’ such as manuals or collections of materials?

An extremely important issue is whether the agreement grants exclusive or non-exclusive rights. In English, this simply defines whether the licensor can grant similar rights to other parties. The grant of exclusive licenses should require a much larger royalty rate since you are essentially betting the third party will be successful.

Licensing Royalties

In exchange for your copyrighted work, the third party is going to make royalty payments to you. The particular amount of the royalty is dependent upon the nature of your work. Issues to consider include:
1) Will you be paid a flat amount or percentage of sales?
2) If a percentage, will it be figured from gross revenues or something less?
3) How often will you be paid?
4) What rights will you have to audit the books of the third party to determine you are getting the full royalty?

In some situations, you may decide to forgo a royalty payment. This usually occurs when the third party will use the materials in manner that produces massive publicity for you. For example, many professionals seek to right columns for publications as a marketing tool. Often, they will not charge the publication for the material because the resulting publicity carries enough of a benefit.

In Closing

 If you are considering licensing copyrighted content, keep the above in mind. Since such agreements are difficult to break, hiring an attorney is worth the expense.
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Thứ Tư, 30 tháng 8, 2017

How to Register Trademark in Vietnam?

BY Juna Mèo IN , , No comments

Trademark protection in Vietnam is initially obtained through trademark registration.  Litigation is the final measure to handle dispute during trademark protection.
Trademark is a sign that help distinguish the goods or services of one enterprise from those of others. Together with industrial design and patent, trademark of goods and services plays an extremely important role for the growth of the enterprise. Trademark establishes a link between enterprise and customer.  A strong trademark will attract customers to use goods or services. When trademark is popular and economic benefits achieved through sale of goods or provision of services coupled with trademark is large, the violation of trademark is inevitable.
The annual reports of the Vietnam National Office of Intellectual Property (NOIP) prove that trademark violation in Vietnam is the most popular, among other industrial property rights.  According to the preliminary annual report in 2011, and 2012, there has been more than 1,000 cases of trademark violations each year.  Report of 2013 shows more than 2,000 trademark infringements were handled with the total fines of trademark violators of around USD 1 million.  Having said that, it is important for trademark owner to register trademarks in Vietnam for better protection.  This is also suggested for even well-known trademarks.
For registration, trademark owner has two options: either directly register trademark in Vietnam by filling an application for registration with the Vietnam NOIP, or seek the protection in Vietnam through Madrid’s system.  For the first option, the trademark owner needs to prepare, file for registration, and pay fee as the requirement of Vietnam Intellectual Property law.  In case trademark needs to be protected in a number of nations, including Vietnam, trademark owner may register trademark through Madrid’s system.
Where the violation of trademark occurs, trademark owner needs to judge the level of infringement, level of damage to choose suitable resolutions.  Initially, the trademark owner may protect by requiring to the trademark violator to terminate the infringing acts, apologize, and rectify. In case of being damaged, trademark owners have rights to claim compensation.  If failing to reach result, trademark owner may use settlement mechanism through negotiation or mediation or could request the competent state agencies to handle acts of infringement through i.e. filling a denunciation application and submitting to the Vietnam NOIP.  Litigation might be required to handle acts of infringement.  Generally, the proceeding of civil litigation is more complex than the arbitration proceeding. In cases the trademark owner needs a decision from court in order to end trademark infringement, civil litigation is top priority. In the remaining cases, arbitration is a better choice with advantages of cheaper cost, shorter settling time, and more flexible.
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Thứ Hai, 28 tháng 8, 2017

Vietnam Can Issue Permanent Residence Card to Foreign Investors in Phu Quoc

BY Juna Mèo No comments

The Ministry of Planning and Investment proposed a series of preferential mechanisms for Phu Quoc special economic zone.
The Ministry of Planning and Investment has just submitted to the Government a draft Law on Special Administrative Units. In this draft, the Ministry proposes a series of mechanisms to attract investment capital and foreign experts to live and work in Phu Quoc special economic zone.
Specifically, according to the draft law, Phu Quoc is prioritized investment to become a center for trade, high-end services and international procurement. This will be the only special zone to be prioritized for the development of fisheries, aquaculture and processing and fishery logistics.
According to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, the potential advantages of Phu Quoc can completely develop into a commercial center, eventhough Phu Quoc is located far from the land and there are only two main lines of transportation that are airway and sea. Phu Quoc also has favorable conditions for hydro-meteorology, natural environment, mountains, forests, marine and ecosystems; moderate weather, favorable for year-round tourism development. Especially, Phu Quoc has a large fishing ground and potential for aquaculture.
In addition, Phu Quoc has fertile farmland, large forest land, occupies 63.2% of the total natural land area, facilitates the development of agricultural economy and sustainable eco-tourism development.
Like other two special economic zones, which are Van Don (Quang Ninh), Van Phong (Khanh Hoa), the Ministry of Planning and Investment proposed a series of incentives for Phu Quoc such as income tax exemption for 5 years, but not exceed 2030 for individuals who have taxable income arising in the special economic zone. In subsequent years, the personal income tax payable will be reduced by 50%.
For managers, scientists and highly qualified experts with income subject to personal income tax in the 3 special economic zones mentioned above, they are also entitled to tax exemption until the end of 2030 and 50% reduction of tax amount in the remaining years.
In addition to the application of general incentives for special economic zones, Phu Quoc has also been proposed to enjoy a separate mechanism, such as raising the level of allowances from 30% to 50% of the basic salary for officials and employees working here.
In particular, in order to encourage investment, the Government of special economic zone will issue permanent residence cards to individual foreign investors with investment projects of 5 million USD or above, with the residence time of 5 years or more in Phu Quoc and not breaking the law.
Regarding infrastructure, according to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, infrastructure of Phu Quoc has been invested quite synchronously to meet the needs of large-scale tourism development. Many high-class and large-scale resorts have come into operation. The Politburo has agreed to open casino project in Phu Quoc for the Vietnamese.
For Van Don special economic zone, according to the Ministry of Planning and Investment, priority will be given to develop island eco-tourism, innovative industries and high-tech agriculture.
Van Phong, in particular with its location, will be promoted to develop deep-water ports, logistics services, medical services, high-quality resort…

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Please click here to learn more about ANT Lawyers IP Practice or contact our IP lawyers in Vietnam for advice via email ant@antlawyers.vn or call our office at (+84) 24 32 23 27 71